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Over the years, India has successfully positioned itself as one of the most attractive destinations for Foreign Direct Investment across the globe. 

India was the fourth major host of greenfield FDI projects and eighth major host of cross-border M&A deals between 2004 to 2015, according to a research paper titled ‘Future of Regional Cooperation in Asia and Pacific’ released on the Asian Development Bank website on 25 November 2020.

Since January 2020, the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has taken a huge toll on the global economy. In India as well, the impact of the national lockdown imposed in March 2020, followed by cautious “un-locking” since June 2020, resulted in 24% contraction in GDP during the first quarter (April – June) of 2021. FDI into India, at US$6.5 billion during the first quarter, also registered a steep decline compared to the previous year. In the second quarter of the financial year 2020-21 (July to September 2020), the contraction in GDP was 7.5%. However, since then there has been a remarkable recovery. After two consecutive quarters of contraction, India’s GDP for October-December 2020 (Q3) grew by 0.4 per cent, marking a return to the pre-pandemic times of positive growth rates, as well as a further strengthening of V-shaped recovery that began in Q2 of 2020-21 (more details) and continued in the next quarter (Q4) as well. As per the Provisional Estimates of National Income for 2020-21, released by the Government on 31 May 2021, India registered GDP growth of 1.6 per cent in the last quarter (January to March 2021) of the year.

As per the First Revised Estimates for the year 2020-21 (Press Note dated 31 January 2022, issued by National Statistical Office NSO, Ministry of Statistics and Programme ImplementationNominal), the GDP at constant (2011-12) prices for the years 2020-21 registered a contraction of 6.6% as compared to growth of 3.7% during 2019-20.

In the current financial year 2021-22, the economic recovery has gained further momentum. India’s GDP at Constant (2011-12) Prices in Q1 of 2021-22 (April to June 2021) was estimated at Rs. 32.38 trillion, showing a growth of 20.1% over previous year, as compared to contraction of 24.4% in Q1 2020-21. In the second quarter of 2021-22 (July to September), India’s GDP increased by 8.4% (Rs. 35.73 trillion) over the same period in 2020-21. The growth trend has continued in the third quarter as well. As per data released by National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation on 28 February 2022, India’s GDP at Constant (2011-12) Prices in Q3 of 2021-22 (October to December 2021) is estimated at Rs 38.22 trillion, showing a growth of 5.4% over Q3 in 2020-21. India’s GDP at Constant (2011-12) Prices in Q3 of 2021-22  (October to December 2021) is estimated at Rs 38.22 trillion, showing a growth of 5.4% over Q3 in 2020-21. More details

The Government of India has resolved to convert the economic setback due to the COVID-19 pandemic into an opportunity to make India self-reliant, and a bigger, stronger and more important part of the global economy. The Prime Minister launched the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan (self reliant India programme) on 12 May 2020 with the announcement of a stimulus package worth nearly Rs.21 trillion (US$277 billion), equivalent to around 10 per cent of national GDP, designed to open up new avenues of trade and investment in the post-Coronavirus economy. This was followed with further stimuli in October and November 2020, taking the total value of stimulus package to Rs. 29.87 trillion, i.e. about 15% of national GDP. Further, the Government of India has shown an appetite for bold policy reforms relating to agriculture markets, labour laws and redefinition of MSMEs, as well as taking concrete steps for employment generation and to create new opportunities for trade and investment.

The implementation of Atmanirbhar Bharat package and calibrated unlocking of the economy have ensured that economic recovery in India has gained momentum across all sectors.  As a result, India attracted the highest ever total FDI inflow of US$ 81.72 billion during the year 2020-21,  10% higher than the previous year (US$ 74.39 billion), as per the annual data released by Ministry of Commerce and Industry on 24 May 2021. Further, the FDI Equity inflows into India during 2020-21 were recorded at US$59.64 billion, marking a year-on-year jump of 19 per cent.

In the current financial year 2021-22 (April to December 2021), the FDI equity inflow accounted has been US$ 43.175 billion. More details

The total FDI inflow in calendar year 2021 (January to December 2021) has been reported at US$ 74.01 billion compared to US$ 87.55 billion in calendar year 2020.  Of this FDI Equity Inflows account for US$ 51.339 billion. More details

At the Investor’s Roundtable organised by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), along with Invest India, on 20th April 2022, it was highlighted that India received the highest ever FDI in the last two years, while showcasing the opportunities in India. 

As per UNCTAD Global Investment Trends Monitor (UNCTAD GITM), January 2021, India registered a 13% rise in foreign direct investment (FDI) to US$57 billion in 2020 compared to the previous year – the highest among 153 economies included in the study. This demonstrates that India remains one of the most attractive destinations for big-ticket investments globally.

Further, as per UNCTAD’s World Investment Report 2021, published on 21 June, 2021, FDI in South Asia rose by 20% to $71 billion, driven mainly by a 27% rise in FDI in India, with robust investment in ICT and construction, and 83% surge in cross-border M&As, making India the fifth largest FDI recipient in 2020 globally, a significant improvement from eighth rank in 2019.

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An attractive investment destination driven by economic reforms, growing capabilities, and a large consumption base

Invest in India

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India's FDI Policy

In October 2020, the Government of India reviewed and amended the FDI policy

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Self-reliant India Programme

India introduced a stimulus plan worth nearly Rs.21 trillion to drive growth

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Guide to Investing

Your step-by-step guide towards investing and engaging in India

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Factors Driving Growth

India's foreign partnerships have improved from manufacturing to R&D

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