India undertaking one of the largest renewable programmes

Currently, the nation has the world’s fourth-largest installed wind power generation capacity, fifth-largest installed solar power capacity, and fifth in overall renewable power installed capacity

July 4, 2019

Share of renewables in total power generation has risen from 6% in 2014-15 to 10% in 2018-19

Additional investments in renewable projects up to 2022 is expected to be about US$80 billion

Government of India foresees renewable investments of around US$250 billion over 2023-2030

The Government is planning to set up 500 GW of renewable energy generation capacity by 2030

Government of India’s Economic Survey for the financial year 2018-19, tabled on July 4, presented a detailed plan to bolster the nation’s renewable energy capabilities. Clean renewable energy is at the core of the development of a sustainable and equitable economy. Stating that India has been undertaking one of the world’s largest renewable energy expansion programmes, the Survey noted that the share of renewable energy is progressively increasing in the Indian electricity mix. As per the Survey, the share of renewable (excluding hydro above 25 MW) in total generation was around 10 per cent in 2018-19 compared with 6 per cent in 2014-15.  

Currently, globally, India stands fourth in wind power, fifth in solar power and fifth in overall renewable power installed capacity.  The cumulative renewable power installed capacity (excluding hydro above 25 MW) has more than doubled from 35 GW in March 2014 to 78 GW in March 2019. The target is to have an installed capacity of renewable-based power of 175 GW by the year 2022. The Survey estimated that additional investments in renewable plants up to the year 2022 (without transmission lines) would be about US$80 billion at today’s prices. Going forward, an investment of around US$250 billion would be needed for the period 2023-2030. 

Thus, on an annualized basis, investment opportunity for more than US$30 billion is expected to come up for the next decade and beyond. Recently, Aanand Kumar, secretary, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy or MNRE said at the 17th Council of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) that India is planning to set up 500 GW of renewable energy generation capacity by 2030. Mr Kumar had said that the 175 GW capacity will be further bolstered by an additional 50 GW of large hydropower projects. These projects will contribute to the 500 GW clean power capacity – a key factor of India’s 100 per cent electrification initiative.