Employment in 9 sectors grows to 3.10 crores in July-Sept 2021: QES

Increased employment numbers reflect a recovery in economic activity after states lifted pandemic-related restrictions

January 21, 2022

Data was collected through field visits from 11,503 establishments out of a sample size of 12,038 establishments

Regular personnel comprised 87% of the estimated workforce in the nine selected sectors

The overall percentage of female workers increased to 32.1%

The survey also showed that 5.6% of all establishments reported vacancies

Indian economy shows signs of post-pandemic recovery

Employment in nine key sectors, excluding agriculture, increased to approximately 3.10 crore jobs during the July-September quarter of FY22 – an increase of 2 lakh jobs compared to 3.8 crore recorded jobs in April-June, as per the second Quarterly Employment Survey (QES) released by the government.

Manufacturing, Construction, Trade, Transport, Education, Health, Accommodation and Restaurant, IT/BPO, and Financial Services are the nine sectors, which account for a majority of the total employment in the non-farm institutions. The second QES had a reference date of July 1, 2021, and data was collected through field visits from 11,503 establishments out of a sample size of 12,038 establishments. The spike in employment numbers reflects a recovery in economic activity after states lifted pandemic-related restrictions that were imposed in the wake of the second wave in April 2021.

Regular personnel comprised 87% of the estimated workforce in the nine selected sectors, with only 2% being casual workers. However, in the construction sector, 20% of the labour force was contractual and 6.4% were casuals. The overall percentage of female workers stood at 32.1%, an increase from 29.3% reported during the April-June period.

Manufacturing accounted for nearly 39%, followed by Education at 22%, with Health and IT/BPOs sectors accounting for 10% each. The Trade and Transport sectors accounted for 5.3% and 4.6% of the total estimated workers, respectively. Approximately 98% of the establishments were located outside households.

In terms of educational qualifications, 28.4% of workers in seven of the nine sectors, excluding Education and Health, were matriculate or less educated while 37% were graduates or had higher qualifications. The volume of graduates was as high as 91.6% in the IT/BPO sector and 59.8% in the Financial Services sector. In the Health and Education sectors, 18% of the non-clinical workers and 26.4% of the non-teaching staff were matriculate or less educated, respectively. In both sectors, more than 40% of employees were graduates. The QES report further states that 16.8% of the establishments were providing formal skill development programs for their employees.

The survey also showed that 5.6% of all establishments reported vacancies. In 65.8% of cases, the reason for vacancies was non-specific. Approximately 23% of the vacancies were due to resignation, while retirement accounted for the remaining 11.7%. Education, Manufacturing, IT/BPOs, and Health accounted for 91% of the total vacancies, which in absolute terms is at 4.3 lakhs.

The QES is part of the All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey (AQEES). This is the second report in the series and the first report was for the June 2021 quarter. The survey covered establishments with 10 or more employees. Data were collected through field visits from 11,503 establishments, out of the 12,038 establishments selected in the sample. These studies will help the government to achieve its mission of last-mile delivery and evidence-based policymaking for workers.