US$ 222 million
FDI in FY 2022-23 (up to September 2022)

US$ 24,851.43 million

Bilateral Trade 2021-22

MSMEs being facilitated through the Make in India Mittelstand Programme


Germany is the 4th largest economy in the world, with a GDP of US$ 3.86 trillion


Germany is the 3rd largest exporter in the world


Germany is the 7th most competitive nation in the world out of 140 countries ranked in the Global Competitiveness Report 2018, published by the World Economic Forum


Strong in engineering and advanced manufacturing


No 1 location in Europe for research and innovation.

Open market

Germany's market is open to entrepreneurial investment in practically all areas

India's Exports and Imports to Germany

Country / Region:  GERMANY

S.No. \Year 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
1. EXPORT 8,902.43 8,290.90 8,124.93 9,883.34 10,134.55
2. %Growth -6.87 -2.00 21.64 2.54
3. India’s Total Export 330,078.09 313,361.04 291,808.48 422,004.40 450,958.43
4. %Growth -5.06 -6.88 44.62 6.86
5. %Share 2.70 2.65 2.78 2.34 2.25
6. IMPORT 15,161.08 13,691.11 13,643.02 14,968.10 15,933.26
7. %Growth -9.70 -0.35 9.71 6.45
8. India’s Total Import 514,078.42 474,709.28 394,435.88 613,052.05 714,042.45
9. %Growth -7.66 -16.91 55.43 16.47
10. %Share 2.95 2.88 3.46 2.44 2.23
11. TOTAL TRADE 24,063.51 21,982.00 21,767.95 24,851.43 26,067.81
12. %Growth -8.65 -0.97 14.17 4.89
13. India’s Total Trade 844,156.51 788,070.32 686,244.36 1,035,056.45 1,165,000.88
14. %Growth -6.64 -12.92 50.83 12.55
15. %Share 2.85 2.79 3.17 2.40 2.24
16. TRADE BALANCE -6,258.65 -5,400.21 -5,518.09 -5,084.76 -5,798.71
17. India’s Trade Balance -184,000.33 -161,348.24 -102,627.40 -191,047.65 -263,084.03

Note:Since 2006-07, Petroleum figures are being computed from Import Daily trade Returns (DTRs) to genetate country-wise/port-wise tables. Up to 2005-06 consolidated petroleum import figures were being received from the Petroleum Ministry.

Germany Trade and Invest


Visit Website

Friedrichstrasse 60 10117 Berlin

Embassy of India, Berlin


Visit Website

Tiergartenstrasse 17
10785 Berlin

Commercial Representative

+49-177-350-6154; +91-96-5072-5566

Shri Madan Lal RAIGAR
Consul General

Commercial Representative

+49-40-330557; 338036; 324744; +49-160-9142-8354

Mr. Parminder Singh Bandechha
Commercial Officer

Commercial Representative

+49-40-330557; 338036; 324744; +49-176-43-431-420

Mrs. Seema Singh Commercial and Marketing Officer


Agricultural exports

    Apple juice (excl. of 2009.71), unfermented & not cont. added spirit, wheth … (200979)
    Apple juice, of a Brix value not >20, unfermented & not cont. added spirit, … (200971)
    Grape juice, incl. grape must, of a brix value not >30, unfermented & not c … (200961)
    Juice of any single citrus fruit other than orange/grapefruit (excl. of 200 … (200939)
    Mixtures of juices, unfermented & not cont. added spirit, whether or not co … (200990)
    Orange juice, frozen, unfermented & not cont. added spirit, whether or not … (200911)
    Orange juice, not frozen (excl. of 2009.19), unfermented & not cont. added … (200919)
    Orange juice, not frozen, of a Brix value not >20, unfermented & not cont. … (200912)
    OTHER JUICES (200989)

    Beer made from malt (220300)
    Ethyl alcohol & oth. spirits, denatured, of any strength (220720)
    Fermented beverages (e.g., cider, perry, mead), n.e.s.; mixts. of fermented … (220600)
    Gin & geneva (220850)
    Liqueurs & cordials (220870)
    Mineral waters (nat./art.) & aerated waters, not cont. added sugar/oth. swe … (220110)
    Non-alcoholic beverages other than waters of 2202.10 (not incl. fruit/veg. … (220290)
    Rum & tafia (220840)
    Sparkling wine of fresh grapes (220410)
    Spirits obt. by distilling grape wine/grape marc (220820)
    Vodka (220860)
    Waters, incl. min. waters & aerated waters, cont. added sugar/oth. sweeteni … (220210)
    Whiskies (220830)
    Wine other than sparkling wine of fresh grapes, incl. fortified; grape must with fermentation prevented/arrested by the addition of alcohol, in containters of >10 l (220429)
    Wine other than sparkling wine of fresh grapes, incl. fortified; grape must with fermentation prevented/arrested by the addition of alcohol, in containters of 2 l/less (220421)

    Birds’ eggs, not in shell (excl. yolks), other than dried, whether or not c … (040899)
    Carcasses/half-carcasses of bovine animals, fresh/chilled (020110)
    Carcasses/half-carcasses of lamb, fresh/chilled (020410)
    Carcasses/half-carcasses of swine, fresh/chilled (020311)
    Cuts & edible offal of species Gallus domesticus, fresh/chilled (020713)
    Cuts & edible offal of species gallus domesticus, frozen (020714)
    Cuts & edible offal of turkey, fresh/chilled (020726)
    Cuts & edible offal of turkey, frozen (020727)
    Edible parts of plants, prepd./presvd., whether or not cont. added sugar/ot … (200899)
    Guts, bladders & stomachs of animals (other than fish), whole & pieces ther … (050400)
    Hams & cuts thereof (160241)
    Hams, shoulders & cuts thereof , fresh/chilled, bone-in (020312)
    Live ducks/geese/turkeys/guinea fowls, weighing >185g (010599)
    Live fowls of species gallus domesticus, weighing > 185g (010594)
    Live fowls of species Gallus domesticus, weighing not >185g (010511)
    Meat of bovine animals, fresh/chilled (excl. of 0201.10), bone-in (020120)
    Meat of bovine animals, fresh/chilled, boneless (020130)
    Meat of bovine animals, frozen, boneless (020230)
    Meat of fowls of species Gallus domesticus, not cut in pieces, fresh/chille … (020711)
    Meat of sheep (excl. lamb & carcasses), fresh/chilled, bone-in (020422)
    Meat of sheep (excl. lamb & carcasses), frozen, bone-in (020442)
    Meat of sheep (excl. lamb), fresh/chilled, boneless (020423)
    Meat of sheep (excl. lamb), frozen, boneless (020443)
    Meat of swine (excl. carcasses/half-carcasses/hams/shoulders & cuts thereof ), fresh/chilled (020319)
    Meat of swine (excl. carcasses/half-carcasses/hams/shoulders & cuts thereof ), froxen (020329)
    Meat of swine (excl. hams/shoulders & cuts thereof & bellies (streaky) & cu … (021019)
    Other ducks, frozen (020745)
    Other fresh eggs: of fowls of the species gallus domesticus (040721)
    OTHER GEESE, FROZEN (020755)
    Sausages & sim. prods., of meat/meat offal/blood; food preps. based on thes … (160100)

    Bread, pastry, cakes, biscuits & oth. bakers’ wares n.e.s. in Ch.19, whethe … (190590)
    Sugar confectionery other than chewing gum (incl. white chocolate), not con … (170490)
    Sugars, incl. invert sugar & oth. sugar & sugar syrup blends cont. in the d … (170290)
    Sweet biscuits (190531)

    Cereals other than maize (corn) in grain form/in the form of flakes/oth. wk … (190490)
    Maize (corn) starch (110812)
    Maize (corn), other than seed (100590)
    Maize (corn), seed (100510)
    Malt extract; oth. food preps. of flour/groats/meal/starch/malt extact [see … (190190)
    Malt, not roasted (110710)
    Other barley excl seed (100390)
    Other durum wheat excl seed (100119)
    Other oats excl seed (100490)
    Other wheat and meslin (100199)
    Rye- other excl seed (100290)
    Semi-milled/wholly milled rice, whether or not polished/glazed (100630)
    Wheat starch (110811)

    Undenatured ethyl alcohol of an alcoholic strength by volume <80%vol; oth. ... (220890)
    Undenatured ethyl alcohol of an alcoholic strength by volume of 80% vol. (220710)

    Chocolate & oth. food preps. cont. cocoa (excl. of 1803.10-1806.10), in blo … (180620)
    Chocolate & oth. food preps. cont. cocoa (excl. of 1806.20-1806.32) (180690)
    Chocolate & oth. food preps. cont. cocoa, in blocks/slabs/bars, weighing 2k … (180631)
    Chocolate & oth. food preps. cont. cocoa, in blocks/slabs/bars, weighing 2k … (180632)
    Cocoa beans, whole/broken, raw/roasted (180100)
    Cocoa butter, fat & oil (180400)
    Cocoa paste, not defatted (180310)
    Cocoa powder, not cont. added sugar/oth. sweetening matter (180500)

    Blue-veined cheese (040640)
    Butter (040510)
    Cheese (excl. of 0406.10-0406.40) (040690)
    Fats & oils derived from milk, other than butter & dairy spreads (040590)
    Fresh (unripened/uncured) cheese, incl. whey cheese, & curd (040610)
    Grated/powdered cheese, of all kinds (040620)
    Ice cream & oth. edible ice, whether or not cont. cocoa (210500)
    Milk & cream, not concentrated/sweetened, fat content by wt. >1% but not >6 … (040120)
    Milk in powder/granules/oth. solid form, fat content by wt. not >1.5% (040210)
    Milk in powder/granules/oth. solid form, unsweetened, fat content by wt. >1 … (040221)
    Processed cheese, not grated/powdered (040630)
    Yogurt (040310)

    Waffles & wafers (190532)

    ROSES (060311)

    Food preps., n.e.s. (210690)
    Sauces & preps. therefor, n.e.s.; mixed condiments & mixed seasonings, n.e. … (210390)

    Chrysanthemums (060314)
    ROSES (060311)

    Food preps., n.e.s. (210690)
    Homogenised preps. of fruits/nuts, obt. by cooking, whether or not cont. ad … (200710)
    Mixes & doughs for the preparation of bakers’ wares of 19.05 (190120)
    Natural honey (040900)
    Preparations for infant use, put up for RS (190110)
    Preparations of fruit (excl. citrus fruit; excl. homogenized), obt. by cook … (200799)
    Prepared foods obt. by the swelling/roasting of cereals/cereal prods. (190410)
    Prepared foods obt. from unroasted cereal flakes/mixts. of unroasted cereal … (190420)
    Prepared/presvd. preps. of bovine animals (excl. homogenised preps.), incl. … (160250)
    Prepared/presvd. preps. of fowls of 01.05 (excl. turkey & fowls of the genu … (160239)
    Prepared/presvd. preps. of fowls of the genus Gallus domesticus (excl. homo … (160232)
    Prepared/presvd. preps. of swine (excl. of 1602.41, 1602.42 & homogenised p … (160249)
    Sauces & preps. therefor, n.e.s.; mixed condiments & mixed seasonings, n.e. … (210390)
    Soups & broths & preps. therefor (210410)
    Tomato ketchup & oth. tomato sauces (210320)
    Vinegar & substitutes for vinegar obt. from acetic acid (220900)
    Whey & modified whey, whether or not concentrated/sweetened (040410)

    Apples, fresh (080810)
    Apricots, fresh (080910)
    Asparagus, fresh/chilled (070920)
    Aubergines (egg-plants), fresh/chilled (070930)
    Avocados, fresh/dried (080440)
    Bulbs, tubers, tuberous roots, corms, crowns & rhizomes, dormant (060110)
    Bulbs, tubers, tuberous roots, corms, crowns & rhizomes, in growth/in flowe … (060120)
    Cabbage lettuce (head lettuce), fresh/chilled (070511)
    Cabbages, kohlrabi, kale & sim. edible brassicas (excl. cauliflowers, heade … (070490)
    Carrots & turnips, fresh/chilled (070610)
    Cauliflowers & headed broccoli, fresh/chilled (070410)
    Cherries, prepd./presvd., whether or not cont. added sugar/oth. sweetening … (200860)
    Citrus fruit, prepd./presvd., whether or not cont. added sugar/oth. sweeten … (200830)
    Cranberries, bilberries & oth. fruits of the genus Vaccinium, fresh (081040)
    Cucumbers & gherkins, fresh/chilled (070700)
    Cucumbers & gherkins, prepd./presvd. by vinegar/acetic acid (200110)
    Dates, fresh/dried (080410)
    Dried fruit (excl. of 08.01-08.06 & 0813.10-0813.30) (081340)
    Figs, fresh/dried (080420)
    Fresh fruit, n.e.s. (081090)
    Fruit & nuts, n.e.s., uncooked/cooked by steaming/boiling in water, frozen, … (081190)
    Fruits of the genera Capsicum/Pimenta, fresh/chilled (070960)
    Garlic, fresh/chilled (070320)
    Grapefruit, fresh/dried (080540)
    Grapes, dried (080620)
    Grapes, fresh (080610)
    Guavas, Mangoes & Mangosteens, fresh/dried (080450)
    Kiwifruit, fresh (081050)
    Lemons (Citrus limon/limonum) & limes (Citrus aurantifolia/latifolia), fres … (080550)
    Lettuce (lactuca sativa) (excl. cabbage lettuce) fresh/chilled (070519)
    Live plants, n.e.s., incl. their roots; mushroom spawn (060290)
    Mandarins, incl. tangerines & satsumas; clementines, wilkings & sim. citrus … (080520)
    Melons (excl. watermelons), fresh (080719)
    Mixtures of vegetables, uncooked/cooked by steaming/boiling in water, froze … (071090)
    Mushrooms of the genus agaricus, fresh/chilled (070951)
    Mushrooms of the genus Agaricus, prepd./presvd. othw. than by vinegar/aceti … (200310)
    Mushrooms other than of the genus Agaricus, fresh/chilled (070959)
    Olives, presvd./presvd. othw. than by vinegar/acetic acid, not frozen, othe … (200570)
    Onions & shallots, fresh/chilled (070310)
    Onions, dried, whole/cut/sliced/broken/in powder but not furth. prepd. (071220)
    Oranges, fresh/dried (080510)
    OTHER – CHERRIES: (080929)
    OTHER CANE SUGAR: (170114)
    Peaches, incl. nectarines, fresh (080930)
    Peaches, incl. nectarines, prepd./presvd., whether or not cont. added sugar … (200870)
    PEARS- FRESH (080830)
    PERSIMMONS- FRESH (081070)
    Pineapples, fresh/dried (080430)
    Pineapples, prepd./presvd., whether or not cont. added sugar/oth. sweetenin … (200820)
    Plums & sloes, fresh (080940)
    Potatoes other than seed potatoes, fresh/chilled (070190)
    Potatoes, prepd./presvd. othw. than by vinegar/acetic acid, frozen, other t … (200410)
    Potatoes, prepd./presvd. othw. than by vinegar/acetic acid, not frozen, oth … (200520)
    Pumpkins, squash and gourds (cucurbita spp.)- fruits (070993)
    Raspberries, blackberries, mulberries & loganberries, fresh (081020)
    Raspberries, blackberries, mulberries, loganberries, black/white/red curran … (081120)
    Salad beetroot, salsify, celeriac, radishes & sim. edible roots (excl. carr … (070690)
    Strawberries, fresh (081010)
    Strawberries, uncooked/cooked by steaming/boiling in water, frozen, whether … (081110)
    Sugar beet seed, of a kind used for sowing (120910)
    Sweet corn (Zea mays var. saccharata), prepd./presvd. othw. than by vinegar … (200580)
    Tomatoes, fresh/chilled (070200)
    Tomatoes, prepd./presvd. othw. than by vinegar/acetic acid, other than whol … (200290)
    Tomatoes, prepd./presvd. othw. than by vinegar/acetic acid, whole/in pieces … (200210)
    Vegetable seeds, of a kind used for sowing (120991)
    Vegetables & mixts. of vegetables, presvd./presvd. othw. than by vinegar/ac … (200490)
    Vegetables, fruit, nuts & oth. edible parts of plants (excl. cucumbers & gh … (200190)
    Vegetables, n.e.s., uncooked/cooked by steaming/boiling in water, frozen (071080)
    Watermelons, fresh (080711)

    Beans (excl. Vigna spp., Phaseolus spp.), shelled, prepd./presvd. othw. tha … (200559)
    Beans (Vigna spp., Phaseolus spp.), shelled/unshelled, fresh/chilled (070820)
    Dried vegetables, n.e.s.; mixts. of dried vegetables, whole/cut/sliced/brok … (071290)
    Other leguminous vegetables, shelled or unshelled, fresh or chilled (070999)

    Mucilages & thickeners, whether or not modified, derived from locust beans/ … (130232)

    Ground-nut, not roasted or otherwise cooked, whether or not shelled or broken-in shelled whether or not broken (120242)
    Ground-nuts, prepd./presvd., whether or not cont. added/sugar/oth. sweeteni … (200811)
    Hazelnuts/filberts (Corylus spp.), shelled (080222)
    Nuts (excl. ground-nuts), incl. mixts., prepd./presvd., whether or not cont … (200819)
    Nuts, n.e.s., fresh/dried, whether or not shelled/peeled (080290)
    Walnuts, shelled (080232)

    Other (060319)
    OTHER (200599)

    Husked (brown) rice (100620)
Employment Opportunities

*Information subject to changes amid the global COVID-19 pandemic.

Germany is facing a shortage of skilled workers, estimated to go up to 3 million by 2030. However, the country’s new immigration law approved by the government in December 2018, will open the door for new immigrants from around the world. Priority to be given to skilled professionals with good qualification, professional experience, German/English language skills and age factors.

There are about 1.85 lakh Indians and people of Indian origin (2017 figures) in Germany. The Indian diaspora mainly comprises of professionals, technocrats, businessmen/traders and nurses. There has been an increase in the last few years in the number of qualified Indian professionals in Germany in the fields of IT, banking, finance, etc.

More Info: Government Job website for qualified professionals from around the world
Germany’s immigration website

    Scientists and researchers in STEM fields

    Most academic STEM occupations are on the government’s list of shortage occupations.Foreign migrants can apply for a work permit (Blue Card) with a reduced income requirement in this field.

    Germany's Immigration website

    Master scaffolder, master craftsperson, scaffolding foreman/woman, master craftsperson for masonry and concrete construction, master craftsperson, foreman/woman in building construction
    Construction supervisor- roof, wall and sealing technology

    The good economic situation and the very low interest rates have given the construction industry a strong boost. The demand for skilled workers in the construction trades has also picked up again.

    Germany's Immigration website

    Germany leads in the production of green energy and environmental technologies. By 2050, Germany aims at reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80% and increase use of renewable energy by 60%. The country also has investments in offshore wind energy, solar panels, bio-energy, photovoltaics, energy grids, and energy storage projects.

    Germany's Immigration website

    Mechanical engineer technicians, civil engineering technicians, physical and engineering science technicians, agricultural and construction machinery mechatronics engineer, civil engineering technician, special civil engineer, civil engineering worker of rail tracks

    Engineers are driving the German economy. This sector has been identified in the shortage occupation list with high demand for engineers in mechanical, automative, electrical, energy engineering, mechatronics and automation technology

    Government Information portal on foreign professional qualificationsGermany's immigration website

    Working in Frankfurt is the first choice of expats looking for employment in Germany’s financial sector. Frankfurt’s stock exchange is among the largest in the world.

    Germany's Immigration website

    Specialist nurse, anaesthesia technical assistant, surgical technician, surgical assistant, midwife/maternity nurse; physiotherapist, motopedist, continuing education, speech and language therapist, audiologists, speech therapists, geriatric nurse Orthopaedic technician, master of hearing aid, acoustician, caregiver

    Germany faces a massive lack of medical care personnel, which means many hospitals are overburdened. The country faces a shortage of medical doctors and other health professionals like dentists, pharmacists, physiotherapists, dieticians, nutritionists and speech therapists. Roughly 1 million people work in the country’s nursing industry. It is projected that 3 million nurses will be needed by 2060, given Germany’s ageing population. Medical occupations and healthcare qualifications rank highly in potential shortage occupations in labour market forecasts in 2030.

    Germany - Mismatch priority occupationsGermany's immigration websiteSept 2019/WhitelistImmigration of professional into recognized occupations

    Information technology and telecommunications system technician, Information electronics technician, electronics technician, systems informatics technician, software developer

    IT specialists in particular are desperately needed to shape digital transformation in German companies.

    Germany's immigration website

    Specialist – innovative vehicle preparation, electronics technician – automation technology (craft or industry), industrial technologist, technician- electrical engineering (Automation Technology)

    Most of the world knows Germany because of its manufacturing sector which produces some of the best quality products.Occupations in machine building and electro-technical fields are sought after

    Germany's Immigration website

    Primary level teachers, teachers for special needs children, vocational education teachers figure prominently in the shortage occupation list.

    Increasing birth rate, a large influx of refugees, a generation of teachers retiring, a lack of investment in education and high hurdles to get into teacher training programs at universities have led to a massive shortage of teachers at University and higher education level.

    Germany - Mismatch priority occupationsGermany's Immigration Website

Priority Sectors

Here are the leading sectors of opportunities for foreign investors

Top Import/ Export Items

India's top import from Germany
  • Machinery
  • Chemical products
  • Measurement & control Equipment,
  • Optical equipment
  • Metals and vehicle parts
  • Plastics
  • Pharmaceuticals
India's top export to Germany
  • Food and beverages
  • Chemical products
  • Metal and metal products
  • Machinery
  • Electronic devices
  • Pharmaceutical products
  • Leather and leather goods
  • Gems and jewelry

Bilateral Investors

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