US$ 58.11 billion
Valuation of India-China trade

US$16.99 billion

Exports to China January-November 2023

US$ 107.27 billion
Imports from China in January-November 2023

US$ 2,439.36 million FDI inflows from China since April 2000 to September 2023

Rapid Economic Growth

in recent decades, aided by investments in Urbanisation and Infrastructure development

Foreign Investment

In the early 2000s, China overtook the United States as the world's largest recipient of foreign capital.


China's attractiveness as a manufacturing and trading hub is rooted in its development of manufacturing and related infrastructure, resource availability (physical and labor), productivity and workforce skills

Technological innovation

China's indigenous culture of technological innovation is driven by a combination of state run research institutions, leading-edge state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and an increasingly innovative Chinese private technology sector

India's Exports and Imports to China

Country / Region:  CHINA P RP

S.No. \Year 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021 2021-2022 2022-2023
1. EXPORT 16,752.20 16,612.75 21,187.15 21,259.79 15,306.10
2. %Growth -0.83 27.54 0.34 -28.00
3. India’s Total Export 330,078.09 313,361.04 291,808.48 422,004.40 451,070.00
4. %Growth -5.06 -6.88 44.62 6.89
5. %Share 5.08 5.30 7.26 5.04 3.39
6. IMPORT 70,319.64 65,260.75 65,212.25 94,570.57 98,505.77
7. %Growth -7.19 -0.07 45.02 4.16
8. India’s Total Import 514,078.42 474,709.28 394,435.88 613,052.05 715,968.90
9. %Growth -7.66 -16.91 55.43 16.79
10. %Share 13.68 13.75 16.53 15.43 13.76
11. TOTAL TRADE 87,071.84 81,873.50 86,399.40 115,830.36 113,811.87
12. %Growth -5.97 5.53 34.06 -1.74
13. India’s Total Trade 844,156.51 788,070.32 686,244.36 1,035,056.45 1,167,038.89
14. %Growth -6.64 -12.92 50.83 12.75
15. %Share 10.31 10.39 12.59 11.19 9.75
16. TRADE BALANCE -53,567.43 -48,647.99 -44,025.10 -73,310.78 -83,199.66
17. India’s Trade Balance -184,000.33 -161,348.24 -102,627.40 -191,047.65 -264,898.90

Note:Since 2006-07, Petroleum figures are being computed from Import Daily trade Returns (DTRs) to genetate country-wise/port-wise tables. Up to 2005-06 consolidated petroleum import figures were being received from the Petroleum Ministry.

India-China Trade Center

+86-139-1052-8728, +86-137-1839-3457

Visit Website

Sunshine 100 Int’l Building, Block – B, Room No. 1003, Chaoyang District, Beijing- 10026, People’s Republic of China

Ministry of Commerce of the People 's Republic of China



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2,Dong Chang An Jie, Beijing, China 100731

Investment Promotion Agency of MOFCOM



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2,Dong Chang An Jie, Beijing, China 100731

Embassy of India, Beijing


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5, Liang Ma Qiao Bei Jie
Chaoyang District,  Beijing 100600
People’s Republic of China

Consulate General of India, Hong Kong


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16-D, United Centre, 95 Queensway,
Admiralty, Hong Kong SAR,

Consulate General of India, Guangzhou


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1-4, 14th Floor, Haihang Dasha (HNA) Tower, 8 Linhe Zhong Road, Tianhe Distt.,
Peoples Republic of China.

Consulate General of India, Shanghai


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1008, Shanghai International Trade Centre,
2201, Yan An [West] Road, Shanghai –200336,
P.R. China.


Agricultural exports

    Mixtures of juices, unfermented & not cont. added spirit, whether or not co … (200990)
    Orange juice, frozen, unfermented & not cont. added spirit, whether or not … (200911)
    Othr edbl mxr/prpns of anml/vegtbl fats/ oils/of fractns of diffrnt fats/oils (151790)

    Beer made from malt (220300)
    Mineral waters (nat./art.) & aerated waters, not cont. added sugar/oth. swe … (220110)
    Non-alcoholic beverages other than waters of 2202.10 (not incl. fruit/veg. … (220290)
    Sparkling wine of fresh grapes (220410)
    Spirits obt. by distilling grape wine/grape marc (220820)
    Waters, incl. min. waters & aerated waters, cont. added sugar/oth. sweeteni … (220210)
    Whiskies (220830)
    Wine other than sparkling wine of fresh grapes, incl. fortified; grape must with fermentation prevented/arrested by the addition of alcohol, in containters of >10 l (220429)
    Wine other than sparkling wine of fresh grapes, incl. fortified; grape must with fermentation prevented/arrested by the addition of alcohol, in containters of 2 l/less (220421)

    Cuts & edible offal of species Gallus domesticus, frozen (020714)
    Edible offal of bovine animals (excl. tongues & livers), frozen (020629)
    Edible offal of swine (excl. liver), frozen (020649)
    Edible parts of plants, prepd./presvd., whether or not cont. added sugar/ot … (200899)
    Guts, bladders & stomachs of animals (other than fish), whole & pieces ther … (050400)
    Hams, shoulders & cuts thereof , frozen, bone-in (020322)
    Meat of bovine animals, fresh/chilled, boneless (020130)
    Meat of bovine animals, frozen (excl. of 0202.10), bone-in (020220)
    Meat of bovine animals, frozen, boneless (020230)
    Meat of sheep (excl. lamb & carcasses), frozen, bone-in (020442)
    Meat of swine (excl. carcasses/half-carcasses/hams/shoulders & cuts thereof ), froxen (020329)

    Bread, pastry, cakes, biscuits & oth. bakers’ wares n.e.s. in ch.19, whethe … (190590)
    Sugar confectionery other than chewing gum (incl. white chocolate), not con … (170490)
    Sweet biscuits (190531)

    Maize (corn), other than seed (100590)
    Malt extract; oth. food preps. of flour/groats/meal/starch/malt extact [see … (190190)
    Semi-milled/wholly milled rice, whether or not polished/glazed (100630)
    Wheat/meslin flour (110100)

    Undenatured ethyl alcohol of an alcoholic strength by volume <80%vol; oth. ... (220890)

    Chocolate & oth. food preps. cont. cocoa (excl. of 1803.10-1806.10), in blo … (180620)
    Chocolate & oth. food preps. cont. cocoa (excl. of 1806.20-1806.32) (180690)
    Chocolate & oth. food preps. cont. cocoa, in blocks/slabs/bars, weighing 2k … (180631)
    Chocolate & oth. food preps. cont. cocoa, in blocks/slabs/bars, weighing 2k … (180632)
    Cocoa beans, whole/broken, raw/roasted (180100)
    Cocoa butter, fat & oil (180400)
    Cocoa paste, not defatted (180310)
    Cocoa powder, not cont. added sugar/oth. sweetening matter (180500)

    Butter (040510)
    Cheese (excl. of 0406.10-0406.40) (040690)
    Fats & oils derived from milk, other than butter & dairy spreads (040590)
    Fresh (unripened/uncured) cheese, incl. whey cheese, & curd (040610)
    Grated/powdered cheese, of all kinds (040620)
    Ice cream & oth. edible ice, whether or not cont. cocoa (210500)
    Milk & cream, not concentrated/sweetened, fat content by wt. >1% but not >6 … (040120)
    Milk in powder/granules/oth. solid form, fat content by wt. not >1.5% (040210)
    Milk in powder/granules/oth. solid form, unsweetened, fat content by wt. >1 … (040221)
    Processed cheese, not grated/powdered (040630)
    Yogurt (040310)

    Pasta (excl. of 1902.11-1902.20) (190230)
    Waffles & wafers (190532)

    Food preps., n.e.s. (210690)
    Preparations for infant use, put up for rs (190110)

    Food preps., n.e.s. (210690)
    Natural honey (040900)
    Preparations for infant use, put up for RS (190110)
    Preparations of fruit (excl. citrus fruit; excl. homogenized), obt. by cook … (200799)
    Prepared foods obt. by the swelling/roasting of cereals/cereal prods. (190410)
    Sauces & preps. therefor, n.e.s.; mixed condiments & mixed seasonings, n.e. … (210390)
    Whey & modified whey, whether or not concentrated/sweetened (040410)

    Apples, fresh (080810)
    Avocados, fresh/dried (080440)
    Bananas frsh or dried (080390)
    Betel leaves (140490)
    Bulbs, tubers, tuberous roots, corms, crowns & rhizomes, dormant (060110)
    Citrus fruit, prepd./presvd., whether or not cont. added sugar/oth. sweeten … (200830)
    Cranberries (vaccinium macrocarpon,vaccinium oxycoccos vaccinium vitis-idaea): fruit prpn (200893)
    Cranberries, bilberries & oth. fruits of the genus Vaccinium, fresh (081040)
    Dried fruit (excl. of 08.01-08.06 & 0813.10-0813.30) (081340)
    Durians, fresh (081060)
    Fresh fruit, n.e.s. (081090)
    Fruit & nuts, n.e.s., uncooked/cooked by steaming/boiling in water, frozen, … (081190)
    Grapefruit, fresh/dried (080540)
    Grapes, fresh (080610)
    Guavas, Mangoes & Mangosteens, fresh/dried (080450)
    Kiwifruit, fresh (081050)
    Live plants, n.e.s., incl. their roots; mushroom spawn (060290)
    Mandarins, incl. tangerines & satsumas; clementines, wilkings & sim. citrus … (080520)
    Manioc (cassava) (071410)
    Manioc (cassava) starch (110814)
    Oranges, fresh/dried (080510)
    Other – cherries: (080929)
    Other cane sugar: (170114)
    Pineapples, fresh/dried (080430)
    Plums & sloes, fresh (080940)
    Potatoes, prepd./presvd. othw. than by vinegar/acetic acid, frozen, other t … (200410)
    Vegetable seeds, of a kind used for sowing (120991)

    Peas (Pisum sativum), dried, shelled, whether or not skinned/split (071310)

    Crustaceans, not frozen, crabs, whether in shell or not smoked, cooked or not before or during smoking; in shell, cooked by steaming or by boiling in water; edible flours, meals, and pellets (030624)
    Fish; frozen, Alaska pollack (Theraga chalcogramma)
    excluding fillets, Ilivers, roes, and other fish meat of heading 0304 (030367)
    Fish; frozen, cod (Gadus morhua, Gadus ogac, Gadus macrocephalus), excluding fillets, Iivers, roes, and other fish meat of
    heading 0304 (030363)
    Fish; frozen, n.e.c. in heading 0303, excluding fillets, livers, roes, and other fish meat of heading 0304 (030389)
    Molluscs, cuttle fish and squid, whether
    in shell or not, frozen, dried,
    salted, in brine, or smoked, cooked
    or not before or during the
    smoking process (030749)

    Nuts (excl. ground-nuts), incl. mixts., prepd./presvd., whether or not cont … (200819)
    Nuts, n.e.s., fresh/dried, whether or not shelled/peeled (080290)

    Broken rice (100640)
Employment Opportunities

*Information subject to changes amid the global COVID-19 pandemic.

China, global powerhouse and the world’s largest developing country, faces an acute skills shortfall along with the challenges of an ageing population and a shrinking labor force. Labor costs are rising, supply and demand is dangerously skewed, and vocational training is unable to fill the breach fast enough. Macroeconomic transformation and structural change have resulted in increased skills mismatches in the Chinese labor market. When looking for English-speaking jobs, these will mostly be in cities such Beijing and Shanghai – the business and industrial hubs of the country. Many multinational companies have their Asian headquarters in one of these east coast locations – as well as in Hong Kong, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Tianjin.The majority of expatriate workers in China find jobs with foreign-invested enterprises. Although opportunities do exist with Chinese companies, these usually require some knowledge of Mandarin.

There are 56,050 Indians living in China, according to the MEA. With the growth in bilateral trade between India and China in the last few years, many Indian companies have started setting up Chinese operations to service both their Indian and MNC clientele in China. These companies are into manufacturing (pharmaceuticals, refractories, laminated tubes, auto-components, wind energy etc.), IT and IT-enabled services (including IT education, software solutions, and specific software products), trading, banking and allied activities.

More Info: Ministry of Foreign Affairs State Council (Work in China)


    National initiatives such as the Belt and Road initiative and national technology projects are attracting more high-end foreign professionals.

    Ministry of Foreign AffairsKey government site for jobs: State Council (Work in China)

    Demand for highly-specialized engineers in automotive, oil and gas, clean energy and general heavy industries. Environmental engineers

    China has one of the highest numbers of engineers graduating from the universities yearly, but with the rapid growth in industrial production, they fall short of skills in some areas.
    China supports foreign talent with permanent residence certificates to set up sci-tech enterprises, according to guidelines recently issued by the country’s Ministry of Science and Technology.

    Ministry of Foreign AffairsState Council: State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs

    Foreign bank executives, advanced financial controller, and Chief Financial Controller is one of the in-demand careers in China for foreigners and requires not only vast knowledge on financial policies but also a mix of Western and Chinese business experience.

    After China entered the WTO at the end of 2001, it gradually opened and expanded its financial sector and thus the demand for financial talents has kept increasing.

    Ministry of Foreign AffairsState Council: State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs

    Nurses, medical teaching faculty

    China’s ageing population has opened up a new opportunity, especially in the field of nursing care for the elderly. If Indian nurses, known globally for their competence, pick up the language, there’s opportunity for nursing staff in this sector
    21000 Indian medical students studying in various medical colleges in China. These places offer teaching faculty opportunity for employment. China has recently liberalised FDI regime for international hospital chains, which will require English speaking doctors

    Ministry of Foreign AffairsState Council: State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs

    Hotel receptionists, chefs, servers, food and beverage manager

    China’s tourism industry is booming and by 2020 expected to be the largest tourist country in the world

    Ministry of Foreign AffairsState Council: State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs

    The services sector, IT and media industries have overtaken the education industry as major job sources for expats in China. China’s Information Technology business is booming, and small and medium-sized technology enterprises offer many employment opportunities in the IT sector for expats Software engineers.

    Foreigners who have competencies in big data, artificial intelligence, digital marketing, knowledge management, brand and smart data analysis are in greater demand

    China’s information and communication technology (ICT) market is among the most dynamic sectors in the economy. By 2021, the market is projected to reach $8.1 trillion, representing 55% of China’s GDP, according to information technology (IT) consulting firm IDC.

    Ministry of Foreign AffairsState Council: State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs

    Marketing specialists

    Rapidly growing Internet companies want creative individuals to work on global marketing campaigns and help them target their brand language. Alibaba and Xiaomi have hired large numbers of foreign professionals in marketing roles in project management, social media etc

    Ministry of Foreign AffairsState Council: State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs

    Beijing alone has a plethora of state-run English newspapers, TV channels, radio stations, news portals and needs experienced hands.
    Entry-level editing jobs in a city with a lot of news syndicates like Beijing or Shanghai usually pay as much as teaching English jobs at a training center.
    English editor, writer and journalist, legal document translator, technical writers

    Ministry of Foreign AffairsState Council: State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs

    Pharmaceutical Professionals

    In the process of consolidation of its pharma sector wants to bridge the technological gap between its generic medicine producers and Indian generic manufacturers. Keen to catch up with India in this field, there is a major demand for Indian pharmaceuticals professionals.

    Key government site fo jobs: State Administration of Foreign Experts AffairsMinistry of Foreign Affairs

    Researchers in stem cell, quantum communication, quantum technology research,medical big data and advanced sensors.

    Shangai Innovation Zone is an important hub for high-tech companies from China and abroad. It is continuing its campaign to attract talents from across the globe.The zone has also gathered a large number of professionals through major scientific projects,

    Ministry of Foreign AffairsState Council: State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs

    Teachers for high schools, universities and private schools, language assistant, Yoga teachers

    English teaching jobs are a major source of employment for international workers in China. The international schools in China pay good salaries and the universities want qualified teachers to lead math, science or history courses in English-medium programs.

    Great demand to employ Indian Yoga Teachers at China’s yoga studios and centres and to instruct yoga teachers manning the large number of yoga centres

    Ministry of Foreign AffairsState Council: State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs

    Production: 31.87 million tons

    gov.cnWorld Mining Data

    Reserve: 11,932,000.7  tons

    Reserve: 1708.57 billion cubic meter
    Production: 3.68 billion tons

    Reserves: 106.08 million tons
    Production: 1.85 million tons

    Production: 189 million tons

    Reserve: 3.57 billion tons

    Reserve: 257 million tons

    Production: 760 million tons

    Reserve: Iron Ore – 85.22 billion tons

    Reserve: Magnesite Ore – 3,103 million tons

    Reserve: Coalbed Methane – 304.63 billion cubic meters

    Production: 160.27 billion cubic meters

    Reserve: 5,793.61 billion cubic meters

    Reserve: Phosphate Rock Ore – 25,282 million tons

    Reserve: 6,300 tonnes ores

    Reserve: Shale Gas – 216.02 billion cubic meters

    Reserve: 826 million tons

    Production: 275,000 tons

    Reserve: 10.30 million tons

    Reserve: 65,613,000 tons

Priority Sectors

Here are the leading sectors of opportunities for foreign investors

Top Import/ Export Items

India's top import from China
  • Electrical machinery and equipment
  • Fertilizers
  • Organic chemicals
  • Pharmaceutical and health care products
  • Consumer electronics
  • Heavy machinery
  • Metals
  • Silk yarn
India's top export to China
  • Diamonds
  • Cotton yarn
  • Iron ore
  • Copper
  • Organic chemicals

Bilateral Investors

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